NMR Interpretation of hexaborane
12.8 MHz. range (right)
A simple example of the chemical shift is the "a" and "b" doublets (pairs of peaks).
"A" and "b" are two groups of boron atoms in different electronic environments,
which place the "a" doublet to the right of the "b" doublet in the spectrum.
The relative peak heights of the "a" and "b" doublets suggest a 1:5 ratio of borons
in one environment to borons in another environment.
This suggests, combined with the molecular weight of the molecule:
which in turn suggests a pyramidal structure, which does appear in the atomic diagram.
40 MHz. range (left)
"a" suggests a hydrogen at the apex, which is in the atomic diagram sticking straight up.
"b" suggests hydrogens bonded to one boron each, which are in the
atomic diagram sticking straight out from the edges.
"c" suggests other bridge hydrogens, which is to say hydrogens in the
middle of a boron-hydrogen-boron bonding arrangement like a hydrogen bridge between two boron shores,
which are in a ring around the atomic diagram.
X-ray diffraction was needed to be sure of the structure.(Hirshfeld1958)
More complex molecules are more challenging, although in some
cases common subgroups of atoms produce characteristic spectral patterns, which can be recognized.
(Williams1959) Wiliams, R.E., Gibbins, S.G., and Shapiro, I., J. Chem. Phys, 30, 333 (1959).(Hirshfeld1958) Hirshfeld, F. L., Eriks, K., Dickerson, R. E., Lippert, E. L., and Lipscomb, W. N.,
"Molecular and Crystal Structure of B6H10,” J. Chem. Phys. 28, 56 (1958).
The two papers above, reviewed in: Eaton GR, Lipscomb, WN. 1969.
NMR Studies of Boron Hydrides and Related Compounds. W. A. Benjamin, Inc.