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Saturday, 12 September 2015

Saridegib, IPI-926



Saridegib3Dan.gif
Saridegib.svg
C29H48N2O3S
Exact Mass: 504.33856
Saridegib also known as IPI-926 is an experimental drug candidate undergoing clinical trials for the treatment of various types of cancer, including hard to treat hematologic malignancies such as myelofibrosis and ligand-dependant tumors such as chondrosarcoma.[1] IPI-926 exhibits its pharmacological effect by inhibition of the G protein-coupled receptor smoothened, a component of the hedgehog signaling pathway.[2] Chemically, it is a semi-synthetic derivative of the alkaloid cyclopamine. The process begins with cyclopamine extracted from harvested Veratrum californicum which is taken through a series of alterations resulting in an analogue of the natural product cyclopamine, making IPI-926 the only compound in development/testing that is not fully synthetic.[2]
ChemSpider 2D Image | N-[(2S,3R,3'R,3aR,4a'R,6S,6a'R,6b'S,7aR,12a'S,12b'S)-3,6,11',12b'-Tetramethyl-2',3',3a,4,4',4a',5,5',6,6',6a',6b',7,7',7a,8',10',12',12a',12b'-icosahydro-1'H,3H-spiro[furo[3,2-b]pyridine-2,9'-naphtho[ 2,1-a]azulen]-3'-yl]methanesulfonamide | C29H48N2O3S
Saridegib is a member of a class of anti-cancer compounds known as hedgehog inhibitors (Hhi). Most of these compounds affect thehedgehog signaling pathway via inhibition of smoothened (Smo), a key component of the pathway. Depending on when a Hh inhibiting compound is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), there may be a perceived need for one to be differentiated over another for marketing purposes, which could lead to different nomenclature (e.g., a Hhi or an agonist of Smo). This marketing technique is more of a differentiation strategy than a scientific property of these compounds, as the mechanism of action (MOA) in the end is inhibition of the Hh pathway, targeting cancer stem cells. However, as these new compounds are further studied, identification of differences in a compound’s MOA, could lead to hypotheses regarding the stage at which Smo is inhibited, where along the pathway the compound binds, or specific binding properties of a compound. If these hypotheses are proven, claims could be made regarding a specific compound’s MOA and how it affects efficacy, safety, combinability with other cancer treatments, etc. Scientific data in support of such hypotheses have not been published to date.
There are currently no drugs in the Hhi class FDA approved, however IPI-926 and GDC-0449 are the 2 leading compounds in the class. IPI-926, GDC-0449, and LDE-225 are the only compounds that have generic names passed by the United States Adopted Name (USAN) council (Infinity IPI-926/saridegib, Genentech GDC-0449/vismodegib, and Novartis LDE-225/erismodegib). Although Infinity is further along in chondrosarcoma, myelofibrosis, and AML, Roche/Genentech recently submitted an NDA for GDC-0449 for the treatment of adults with advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC) when surgery is no longer an option, and the FDA has accepted and has filed the NDA, giving it priority review status. Thus it appears that Roche/Genentech will be the first Hhi to market with GDC-0449, if approved, for the treatment of advanced BCC, with Infinity second to market with IPI-926 for treatment in chondrosarcoma. It appears Infinity will not pursue an indication for BCC and focus on cancers with high unmet needs.[1][3][4][5][6]
Other Hhi-class compounds not as far along in development as IPI-926 and GDC-0449 include:[7]
  • Novartis’ LDE-225 (USAN generic name erismodegib)
  • Exelixis/Bristol-Myers Squibb’s BMS-833923 (XL139)
  • Millennium Pharmaceuticals’s TAK-441
  • Pfizer’s PF-04449913
Fig 1. Chemical structure comparison between IPI-926 and cyclopamine
IPI-926 is currently developed by Infinity Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Malignant activation of the Hedgehog pathway is implicated in multiple cancer settings and Infinity’s development strategy is designed to enable IPI-926 to target a broad range of critical oncology targets – from the tumor cell to the cancer microenvironment. This broadly applicable, targeted approach represents an innovative method for fighting cancer and has potential in treating a range of cancers, including pancreatic cancer, small cell lung cancer, ovarian cancer, bladder cancer, medulloblastoma, basal cell carcinoma, and certain hematological malignancies.
The hedgehog pathway inhibitor IPI-926 has been in clinical investigation for basal cell carcinoma, chondrosarcoma, and pancreatic cancer. In the final step of the synthesis of IPI-926  the drug substance (DS) is isolated as the hydrochloride salt of the 2-propanol (2-PrOH) solvate
Abstract Image
A design of experiments (DoE) approach was taken to optimize purity and reaction yield of the final debenzylation and hydrochloride salt formation of IPI-926. The study involved a careful dissection of the different process steps to enable an independent investigation of these steps while ensuring that process streams were representative. The results enabled a streamlined process from the final chemical transformation to the salting and isolation and led to the elimination of variability in the process as well as a robust control of impurities. The optimized process was applied to production and demonstrated on the kilogram scale.

A Design of Experiments Approach to a Robust Final Deprotection and Reactive Crystallization of IPI-926, A Novel Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor

Infinity Pharmaceuticals, 784 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00214
The product was dried at a jacket temperature of 45 °C until an LOD <2.30% (w/w) was achieved. Yield: 11.5 kg (73% from compound 1, correcting for the seed). HPLC purity: 99.9% area (compound 2 content: 0.08% w/w). Assay: 83.7% w/w (as-is), 99.1% w/w (anhydrous, solvent-free). Moisture content: 1.6% w/w. Chlorine content: 5.72% w/w. Residual solvents: acetone (720 ppm); acetonitrile (<41 ppm); 2-MeTHF (none detected); 2-propanol (81 147 ppm); toluene (<90 ppm). Residual metals: palladium (0 ppm); platinum (0 ppm); ruthenium (0 ppm). Additional data for the IPI-926 free base:
1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) 6.90 (br s, 1H), 3.31 (dt, J = 10.6, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 3.20 (br s, 1H), 3.10 (dd, J = 13.7, 4.5 Hz, 1H), 2.91 (s, 3H), 2.62 (dd,J = 9.9, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 2.33 (br d, J = 14.5 Hz, 1H), 2.27–2.15 (m, 1H), 2.10 (dd, J = 14.5, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 1.99–1.17 (m, 28H), 1.05 (q, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 0.93 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 3H), 0.88 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (s, 3H) ppm.
13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3) 140.47, 124.53, 82.48, 76.97, 63.73, 54.08, 53.87, 50.12, 49.98, 47.19, 44.73, 42.27, 42.10, 40.24, 37.55, 37.44, 36.04, 34.44, 31.87, 31.33, 30.46, 29.79, 28.37, 27.94, 26.26, 24.19, 22.70, 18.92, 10.19 ppm;
MS: m/z = 505.29 [M + H]+.
………………………….
Tremblay, M. R.; Lescarbeau, A.; Grogan, M. J.; Tan, E.; Lin, G.; Austad, B. C.; Yu, L.-C.;Behnke, M. L.; Nair, S. J.; Hagel, M.; White, K.; Conley, J.; Manna, J. D.; Alvarez-Diez, T. M.; Hoyt, J.; Woodward, C. N.; Sydor, J. R.; Pink, M.; MacDougall, J.; Campbell, M. J.;Cushing, J.; Ferguson, J.; Curtis, M. S.; McGovern, K.; Read, M. A.; Palombella, V. J.;Adams, J.; Castro, A. C. J. Med. Chem. 2009, 52, 44004418, DOI: 10.1021/jm900305z
J. Med. Chem., 2009, 52 (14), pp 4400–4418
DOI: 10.1021/jm900305z
Abstract Image
Recent evidence suggests that blocking aberrant hedgehog pathway signaling may be a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of several types of cancer. Cyclopamine, a plant Veratrum alkaloid, is a natural product antagonist of the hedgehog pathway. In a previous report, a seven-membered D-ring semisynthetic analogue of cyclopamine, IPI-269609 (2), was shown to have greater acid stability and better aqueous solubility compared to cyclopamine. Further modifications of the A-ring system generated three series of analogues with improved potency and/or solubility. Lead compounds from each series were characterized in vitro and evaluated in vivo for biological activity and pharmacokinetic properties. These studies led to the discovery of IPI-926 (compound 28), a novel semisynthetic cyclopamine analogue with substantially improved pharmaceutical properties and potency and a favorable pharmacokinetic profile relative to cyclopamine and compound2. As a result, complete tumor regression was observed in a Hh-dependent medulloblastoma allograft model after daily oral administration of 40 mg/kg of compound 28.
28 (4.06 g, 8.05 mmol, 95% for two steps). NMR δH (400 MHz, CDCl3) 6.90 (br s, 1H), 3.31 (dt, J = 10.6, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 3.20 (br s, 1H), 3.10 (dd, J = 13.7, 4.5 Hz, 1H), 2.91 (s, 3H), 2.62 (dd, J = 9.9, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 2.33 (br d, J = 14.5 Hz, 1H), 2.27−2.15 (m, 1H), 2.10 (dd, J = 14.5, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 1.99−1.17 (m, 28H), 1.05 (q, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 0.93 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 3H), 0.88 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (s, 3H); NMR δC (100 MHz, CDCl3) 140.47, 124.53, 82.48, 76.97, 63.73, 54.08, 53.87, 50.12, 49.98, 47.19, 44.73, 42.27, 42.10, 40.24, 37.55, 37.44, 36.04, 34.44, 31.87, 31.33, 30.46, 29.79, 28.37, 27.94, 26.26, 24.19, 22.70, 18.92, 10.19; m/z = 505.29 [M + H]+; HPLC 99.1 a/a % at 215 nm.
sari 13c sari mass sari1h nmr

Click on images for clear view……………..

References

  1.  “Pipeline: IPI-926”. Infinity Pharmaceuticals.
  2.  Tremblay, MR; Lescarbeau, A; Grogan, MJ; Tan, E; Lin, G; Austad, BC; Yu, LC; Behnke, ML et al. (2009). “Discovery of a potent and orally active hedgehog pathway antagonist (IPI-926)”. Journal of Medical Chemistry 52 (14): 4400–18. doi:10.1021/jm900305z. PMID 19522463.
  3.  “Pipeline”. Infinity Pharmaceuticals.
  4.  “Genentech Pipeline”. Genentech.
  5.  “USAN Stem List” (PDF). AMA.
  6.  “Names under consideration”. AMA.
  7.  “Search results for Hh clinical trials”. United National Institute of Health’s ClinicalTrials.gov.
Saridegib
Saridegib.svg
Saridegib3Dan.gif
Names
IUPAC name
N-((2S,3R,3aS,3′R,4a′R,6S,6a′R,6b′S,7aR,12a&prmie;S,12b′S)-3,6,11′,12b′-tetramethyl-2′,3a,3′,4,4′,4a′,5,5&prmie;,6,6′,6a′,6b′,7,7a,7′,8′,10′,12′,12a′,12b′-icosahydro-1′H,3H-spiro[furo[3,2-b]pyridine-2,9′-naphtho[2,1-a]azulen]-3′-yl)methanesulfonamide
Other names
saridegib
Identifiers
1037210-93-7 Yes
ChEMBL ChEMBL538867
ChemSpider 26353073
8198
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 25027363
UNII JT96FPU35X Yes
Properties
C29H48N2O3S
Molar mass 504.77 g·mol−1
Pharmacology
Legal status
  • Investigational

/////Saridegib, IPI-926

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